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NWChem: Delivering High-Performance Computational Chemistry


NWChem aims to provide its users with computational chemistry tools that are scalable both in their ability to treat large scientific computational chemistry problems efficiently, and in their use of available parallel computing resources from high-performance parallel supercomputers to conventional workstation clusters.

NWChem software can handle

  • Biomolecules, nanostructures, and solid-state
  • From quantum to classical, and all combinations
  • Ground and excited-states
  • Gaussian basis functions or plane-waves
  • Scaling from one to thousands of processors
  • Properties and relativistic effects

NWChem is actively developed by a consortium of developers and maintained by the EMSL located at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) in Washington State. Researchers interested in contributing to NWChem should review the Developers page. The code is distributed as open-source under the terms of the Educational Community License version 2.0 (ECL 2.0).

The current version of NWChem is version 6.3 can be downloaded here.

The NWChem development strategy is focused on providing new and essential scientific capabilities to its users in the areas of kinetics and dynamics of chemical transformations, chemistry at interfaces and in the condensed phase, and enabling innovative and integrated research at EMSL. At the same time continued development is needed to enable NWChem to effectively utilize architectures of tens of petaflops and beyond.

Ongoing Projects

Density functional theory (DFT) and time-dependent DFT (TD-DFT) formulations

  • Discrete interaction model/quantum mechanical method (DIM/QM) for describing the response properties of molecules adsorbed on metal nanoparticles. Developers: Justin Moore, Lasse Jensen, Penn State University
  • Development of exact two-component relativistic theory and calculations of magnetic response parameters. Developers: Jochen Autschbach, SUNY Buffalo
  • Development of self-consistent state-specific vertical excitation model (VEM) for electronic excitation in solution and solvatochromatic shifts in liquid-phase absorption spectra. Developers: Alek Marenich, Chris Cramer, Don Truhlar (University of Minnesota), Niri Govind (PNNL)
  • Generalization of real-time TDDFT to include spin-orbit effects . Developers: Niri Govind (PNNL), Ken Lopata (LSU)
  • Developing infrastructure for incorporating new density functionals and higher order derivatives thereof. The idea is to extend the density functionals in NWChem to support higher order partial derivatives to support new functionality. At the same this is a good opportunity to build the infrastructure needed to incorporate new density functionals and their higher order derivatives. The aim is to use open source tools as much as possible to make it easy for anyone to do this. Developers: Huub van Dam
  • Exchange-hole dipole moment (XDM) method. Developers: Alberto Otero de la Roza (National Institute for Nanotechnology, NRC), Edoardo Apra (PNNL).

Future projects: Dynamics on excited-state surfaces, surface hopping, GW/BSE for molecular systems, Spin-flip TDDFT, Non-collinear DFT, spin-orbit TDDFT.


Please cite the following reference when publishing results obtained with NWChem:

M. Valiev, E.J. Bylaska, N. Govind, K. Kowalski, T.P. Straatsma, H.J.J. van Dam, D. Wang, J. Nieplocha, E. Apra, T.L. Windus, W.A. de Jong, "NWChem: a comprehensive and scalable open-source solution for large scale molecular simulations" Comput. Phys. Commun. 181, 1477 (2010)